Friday, August 31, 2012

Death Stems Demystified: AVA and ATAX

Much has been said about the inevitable disasters associated with the use of AVA handlebar stems. These comments are correct - to a point - but they generally overlook two important pieces of data:

A. Not all AVA stems are prone to cracking,
and
B. ATAX stems can be just as hazardous as some AVA designs.


First, AVA stems: The main design fault with AVA's stems of the mid-1970s had to do with a lack of stress relieving on the expander slot, along with an insufficient amount of aluminum in the casting in this same area. As a result, the aluminum would crack at one of the sharp, 90-degree corners, gradually working its way around the stem until one - or both - of the ends would separate entirely.

This problem was made worse by the fact that AVA used two slots - 180 degrees to each other - allowing expander to spread the ends wider than on a single-slotted stem.




The quality of the aluminum was still equally a problem, as failures higher up the stem are also common. Given time and a loose expander wedge, the split seen here at left could become the down payment on your dentist's new Lexus.

A wise rider - conscious of the jiggle in his or her handlebars - would remove these bars for inspection, thereby locating the damage. However, some mechanics might simply tighten the binder bolt without inspection; not realizing the cause of the jiggle is due to the crack, and not a loose wedge.

Though tightening the binder bolt would temporarily jam the split stem back together - resulting in the perception that the stem is in one piece - the combination would remain extremely hazardous (not to mention unknown).

-Mechanic's note: When have you seen a wedge loosen all by itself, without the aid of some sort of physical equipment failure? Never. If a stem bolt loosens itself, something is stripped or broken. This phenomenon is not to be confused with over-greased stems that slip inside the steerer tube, or the improper combination of a stem quill diameter that is not the same as a given steerer tube inner diameter.







This later AVA from the 1980's has a graduated slot instead of a relief hole. It's still somewhat prone to failure, but not as much as the earlier design - particularly as it has a single slot.








Ironically enough, the AVA stem example that Sheldon Brown uses frequently on his website is a 1950's-era AVA spearpoint stem, which - though similar in appearance to the 1970's units - are superior in quality, with better aluminum and a single slot. Though they do not have a relief hole, the single slot and better quality forging generally prevents these examples from giving excess trouble:



Now we come to part B of our study - the overlooked Guidons Philippe/ATAX stems. ATAX stems are not immune to failure - in fact, the top-end versions can be quite prone to severe cracking problems:



The above stem happened to be one of my own, which led me to an interesting conversation with Andrew Musi of Yellow Jersey, who shared a very interesting insight about his experiences with the ATAX stems:


"We once had a shoe store X-ray machine here and I can tell you those stems were cast badly with voids more often than not.
Many failures with injuries."





Though the later low-end Peugeots came with ATAX stems as well, the cheaper examples were cast to be a bit more robust, even if not as pretty (see top stem in photo at left). Also note that the later stems also changed to wedge type from the cone expander.

I hope this gives a bit of insight and clears up some of the misconceptions relating to the AVA "death stem" and similar ATAX models.

Friday, August 17, 2012